Proceedings of International Conference on Applied Innovation in IT
2021/04/28, Volume 9, Issue 1, pp.27-32

Comparative Analysis of File Transfer Protocols in Low-Bandwidth Radionetworks

Irina Strelkovskaya, Roman Zolotukhin, Julia Strelkovskaya

Abstract: The use of modern digital ultra and very high frequency (UHF/VHF) radio stations in the construction of digital governmental automated control systems (ACS) of the low echelon management level has led to the creation of protocols and standards that allow data transmission in low-bandwidth communication networks. However, none of these standards provide recommendations for file transfer in communication networks facing low speed, long delay and high probability of data loss. This work investigates QoS parameters and performs comparative analysis of FTP, TFTP, SCP, SFTP, ETFTP protocols for file transfer in low-bandwidth communication networks based on UHF/VHF radio stations. A model of two Harris RF-7850M-HH radio stations connected by an attenuator and coaxial cables was used to measure the QoS parameters. The characteristics including the bandwidth, jitter and average time of data transmission depending on the operating modes of radio stations and the level of attenuation in the radio communication channel have been obtained. The time of file transfer and the actual size of the transmitted data when using these protocols was measured. The recommendations for use of file transfer protocols in radio communication channels depending on the operating mode of the radio station are given. The obtained results allow to rationally choosing the mechanism and algorithm of file transfer when building governmental ACS of the low echelon management level based on low-bandwidth communication networks to increase the efficiency of bandwidth use in radio networks.

Keywords: UHF/VHF Radio Station, Low-Bandwidth Network, FTP, TFTP, SCP, SFTP, ETFTP, QoS Parameters

DOI: 10.25673/36581

Download: PDF


  1. I. V. Strelkovskaya, R. V. Zolotukhin, and A. O. Makoganiuk, “Modeling of telecommunication components of automated control systems in low- bandwidth radio networks” / Springer Science & Business Media, 2021.
  2. J. S. Bayne, “A Theory of Enterprise Command and Control”, MILCOM 2006 - 2006 IEEE Military Communications conference, 23-25 Oct. 2006, Washington, DC, USA, doi:
  3. J. Lawson, “Command control as a process”, IEEE Control Systems Magazine, pp. 5-11, March 1981, doi:
  4. R. Masnica and J. Štulrajter, “Development of Interoperability C4IS”, 7th International Scientific Conference Communication and Information Technologies, 9 – 11 Oct. 2013, Starý Smokovec, Slovakia, ISBN 978-80-8040-464-2.
  5. J. Rhea, “Seamless communications: the challenge of tactical command and control”, Military&AeroSpace Electronics, Jan 1st, 1997, [Online]. Available: article/16710327/seamless-communications-the- challenge-of-tactical-command-and-control, accessed March 2021.
  6. I. Strelkovskaya and R. Zolotukhin, “Research of low- bandwidth radionetworks QoS parameters” //Information and Telecommunication Sciences, International Research Journal, Volume 11, Number 1(20), January-June 2020, doi:
  7. STANAG 4677: 2014 Dismounted soldier systems standards and protocols for command, control, communications and computers (C4) interoperability./ NATO 2014.
  8. NATO - ADATP-36: Friendly force tracking systems (FFTS) interoperability / NATO 2017.
  9. STANAG 5525: 2007 Joint C3 Information Exchange Data Model - JC3IEDM/ NATO 2007.
  10. Experiments with a Simple File Transfer Protocol for Radio Links using Enhanced Trivial File Transfer Protocol (ETFTP) [Online]. Available:, December 2020.
  11. File transfer protocol (FTP), RFC 768 [Online]. Available:, December 2020.
  12. The TFTP protocol (revision 2), RFC 1350 [Online]. Available:, December 2020.
  13. "Linux and Unix scp command". Computer Hope [Online]. Available: unix/scp.htm, December 2020.
  14. SFTP - SSH Secure File Transfer Protocol [Online]. Available:, December 2020.
  15. Transmission Control Protocol, RFC 793 [Online]. Available:, December 2020.
  16. User Datagram Protocol, RFC 768 [Online]. Available:, December 2020.
  17. The Secure Shell (SSH) Transport Layer Protocol, RFC 4253 [Online]. Available:, December 2020.
  18. Ubuntu 20.04.1 LTS (Focal Fossa) [Online]. Available:, December 2020.



       - Call for Papers
       - Paper Submission
       - Important Dates
       - Committee
       - Guest registration


       - Volume 9, Issue 1 (ICAIIT 2021)
       - Volume 8, Issue 1 (ICAIIT 2020)
       - Volume 7, Issue 1 (ICAIIT 2019)
       - Volume 7, Issue 2 (ICAIIT 2019)
       - Volume 6, Issue 1 (ICAIIT 2018)
       - Volume 5, Issue 1 (ICAIIT 2017)
       - Volume 4, Issue 1 (ICAIIT 2016)
       - Volume 3, Issue 1 (ICAIIT 2015)
       - Volume 2, Issue 1 (ICAIIT 2014)
       - Volume 1, Issue 1 (ICAIIT 2013)


       ICAIIT 2021
         - Photos
         - Reports

       ICAIIT 2020
         - Photos
         - Reports

       ICAIIT 2019
         - Photos
         - Reports

       ICAIIT 2018
         - Photos
         - Reports





           ISSN 2199-8876
           Copyright © 2013-2021 Leonid Mylnikov. All rights reserved.